The legendary snow-capped Mountains of the Moon as described by Ptolemy in AD150. Reaching an elevation of 5,109m is also Africa's tallest mountain range, exceeded in altitude only by the free-standing Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro.
The distinctive glacial peaks are visible for miles around, but the slopes above 1,600m are the preserve of hikers, who rate the Rwenzoris to be the most challenging of all African mountains. A variety of large mammals inhabit the lower slopes, but the Rwenzoris are notable more for their majestic scenery and varied vegetation.
The trails lead through rainforest rattling with monkeys and birds, and then tall bamboo forest, before emerging on the high-altitude moorland zone, a landscape of bizarre giant lobelias, towered over by black rock and white snow, looking for the entire world like the set of a science fiction film.
Located in South Western Uganda on the Congo boarder and on the edge of the western rift valley covering an area of 996 square kilometers with an elevation of 1700 meters to 5109 meters on Margherita peak.
The park boosts of its magnificent scenery and 19 Albertine Rift endemics and the slopes blanketed in moorland and rich montane forest. The park also has about 195 bird species recorded among others are;
Rwenzori Turaco, Montane (Rwenzori) Nightjar, Handsome Francolin, Archer's Robin-Chat, Red-throated Alethe, Montane Masked and Collared Apalises, Dwarf Honeyguide, Regal and Purple-breasted Sunbirds, Kivu Ground Thrush, Red-thighed Sparrowhawk, African Long-eared Owl, Montane Sooty Boubou, Lammergeiger, Tinkerbird, Olive Woodpecker, Golden-winged and Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbirds. Read More about hiking Rwenzori
Mount Elgon is a 4,321m high extinct volcano which first erupted about 24 million years ago and which in prehistoric times stood taller than Kilimanjaro does today has the largest surface area of any extinct volcano in the world (50 km by 80 km ). Although the mountain straddles the Kenya border, its loftiest peak, Wagagai (4,321m high), lies within Uganda and is best ascended from the Uganda side.
Elgon is an important watershed, and its slopes support a rich variety of altitudinal vegetation zones ranging from montane forest to high open moorland studded with the other-worldly giant lobelia and groundsel plants. Spectacular scenery is the main attraction for hikers on this often-neglected and relatively undemanding mountain, but there is also a variety of forest monkeys and small antelopes, along with elephants and buffalos. A checklist topping 300 birds includes many species not recorded elsewhere in Uganda.Read more about Mt Elgon national park